Imports increased by 4.5 per cent, the highest growth in the last six months as crude oil and gold shipments shot up in the month.
Merchandise exports stood at $26 billion in April while imports at $41.4 billion, leading to a trade gap of $15.33 billion, the widest deficit since November 2018, the trade data showed.
The country's merchandise exports were down because of the negative growth in key sectors such as engineering, gems and jewellery, leather, carpet, plastic, marine products, rice and coffee during the month under review. Previously, exports had recorded a low growth rate of 0.34 per cent in December 2018.
Oil imports grew by 9.26 per cent to $11.38 billion and non-oil imports expanded by 2.78 per cent.
Gold imports rose by 54 per cent to $3.97 billion in April.
Certain exports sectors which recorded positive growth include petroleum, handicrafts, ready-made garments, and pharmaceuticals.
Commenting on the data, Trade Promotion Council of India (TPCI) said that the growth figure April is "not very impressive".
"However we sustained the positive momentum. Additionally, a pleasant pattern has been observed in tea, spices, fruits and vegetables which a great sign of exports supporting agri- produce," TPCI chairman Mohit Singla said in a statement.